Documents leaked on last Sunday by Wikileaks suggest Israeli Mossad chief Meir Dagan wanted to use Kurds and ethnic minorities to topple the Iranian government. The Israeli spy service wants to have a weak divided Iran, like in Iraq where the Kurds have their own government, the spy chief told an U.S. official.
According to a memo from August 2007, Dagan described to Under-Secretary of State Nicholas Burns the five pillars of Israel's Iran policy, among them the desire to spark a revolution.
The memo notes, ‘instability in Iran is driven by inflation and tension among ethnic minorities. This, Dagan said, “presents unique opportunities, and Israelis and Americans might see a change in Iran in their lifetimes.”
Dagan notes that Iran could end up like Iraq. “As for Iraq, it may end up a weak, federal state comprised of three cantons or entities, one each belonging to the Kurds, Sunnis and Shias.” He added that Iran's minorities are "raising their heads, and are tempted to resort to violence."
There are several Iranian Kurdish opposition groups. The Party for Free Life in Kurdistan (PJAK) is based in the border mountains of Iraqi Kurdistan and carried out several attacks against Iranian forces in the Kurdish regions of Iran. The party is closely linked to the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK).
Often Iran accused PJAK and other Kurdish nationalist groups from Iran for being supported by Israel, but so far they have denied this support. Also U.S. and Israel denied supporting PJAK. The U.S. Treasury branded the PJAK as a terrorist organization last year. Furthermore the journalist Seymour Hersh also claims U.S. supports PJAK and other Iranian opposition groups.
The PJAK, or the (Partiya Jiyana Azad a Kurdistane) (Party of Free Life of Kurdistan), is a militant Kurdish nationalist group based in northern Iraq that has been carrying out attacks Iranian forces in the Kurdistan Province of Iran (Eastern Kurdistan) and other Kurdish-inhabited areas.
Since 2004 the PJAK took up arms for self-rule in Kurdistan province northwestern of Iran (Iranian Kurdistan,www.ekurd.netEastern Kurdistan). Half the members of PJAK are women. The PJAK has about 3,000 armed militiamen.
Iraq, Iran, Syria and Turkey all have significant ethnic Kurdish minorities. Estimate to 12 million Kurds live in Iran.